Bees do it…Holacracy as a collaborative tool for Education

‘The heroic leader standing atop a hierarchy, bending the school community to his or her purposes’

(Camburn, E., Rowan, B. & Taylor, J.E. (2003) Distributed leadership in schools)

Collaboration is a key tool for driving teaching and learning in schools and even though working collaboratively is not new to educational practices acknowledging shared responsibility can be difficult for some. When leadership is distributed there is an uneasiness as we are familiar with models of heroic leadership that top down leadership offers. The certainty that has come with top down is one that we are frustrated by, feel disappointed in and think we could do better.  However, when given the opportunity to working collaboratively some still struggle to embrace what distributed leadership has to offer. We are so used to waiting to hear what to do next, following orders, or complaining about big decisions that are made, that for some when given the opportunity we are still unsure about what we can actually make final decisions on.

Holacracy is a way of learning how to leader collaboratively as we develop new ecosystems in our schools.  There is always going to be the person who has the final say on decisions that affect the entire structure and vision of the organisation. After all the buck stops with the principal or Board of Trustees who are entrusted to make sure the school does not stray to far from it’s moral purpose. Holacracy is derived from holarchy from the 1967 book The Ghost in the machine by Arthur Koestler. Holons are small parts who depend and support the whole, similar to ecosystems. Think bees in a beehive.

hola

Ref: Business Insider

Holacracy is considered a “flat” system that fosters flexibility, innovation and efficiency. Engagement and productivity usually jump on board at some point however it can be difficult for some to let go as we are used to being masters of our small universes in our traditional departments. This system looks like it is a mix and mingle that you can get swept up in, however even more organisation is required to allow all those involved in the different roles and circles to be able to function. One big difference is the innovation and ideas come from all over rather than top down.

This is how the teaching work place is going so we can expect that this will have a flow on how learners operate in innovative, flexible learning environments. Traditionally teachers have largely worked in most cases separate buildings or departments since time began. So as we come together to work collaboratively acknowledging a change in the wider system is imperative and common sense.

Working in collaborative teams takes time, effort and openness. To be able to be honest with your team and to have a voice you can’t expect smooth sailing all the time. The collaborative process that musicians go through produces some amazing pieces of music but it’s not always smooth sailing. There is a reason Fleetwood Mac created great music when recording the album Rumours at high personal cost. Even working closely with family can work for a good time but not always a long time, the Gallagher brothers can attest to this. The right amount of letting go, listening and time to digest is important. However the pressure we are under to produce resources and meet deadlines means it something has to give and as a team the norms will be developed early on but it is OK do go through what Tuckman describes as the stages of group development. The forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning stages of group formation as suggested by Tuckman are not always embraced but should be acknowledged even if they only service justify why things may be going  a certain way in a collaborative team.

tuck

{ref: https://wit.edu/lit/engage/empower-groups}

Holacracy gives is one way forward when working in a collaborative team that is part of a bigger machine. What are the advantages and disadvantages?

Advantages

  • Fast changing world allows us to be flexible
  • Encourages innovation within a team
  • Able to adapt quickly to needs
  • Being responsive to young people’s learning needs
  • Empowers all and allows for distributed leadership
  • Developing higher level thinking skills

Disadvantages

  • A big change of culture in education, like turning an ocean liner
  • People don’t like change
  • Gives people no-one to complain about if they can’t complain about the boss holding them back or making all the decisions…which they disagree with.
  • Small circles end up like hierarchical systems due to the group being unable to change.

Overall the disadvantages are around individuals who struggle to be team players or find themselves feeling threatened professionally. The old adage no idea is a bad idea, as long as the learner is at the centre and it fits with the values, vision and beliefs of the organisation then you can’t go wrong.  Holacracy processes enable people to respond faster, give clarity and autonomy to all. Incremental improvements are possible without the tyranny of waiting for all to agree. A collaborative group can move forward  and everyone drives continual improvement.

My inspiration for this blog was from The Harvard Business Review (Jul-Aug 2016, p.47) gives a good glossary of management terms that explain the roles within the organisation through to the individual and holacracy is one of many possibilities. There is much more research to be done looking at the different terms and seeing how they can be applied in an educational setting. The possibilities are endless! Some terms include:

  • Podularity – Self management system with individual pods, a microcosm.
  • Cabal – team forms organically to work towards a major multidisciplinary goal.
  • Lead Link – role within a circle who allocates roles and assign resources responsible for a certain process.

The article is geared towards business however it can easily be applied in educational settings.

HBR

 

My final thoughts: Holacracy is a redefinition of a traditional system and supports collaborative environments. We cannot be ignorant and think that some sort of hierarchy does not exist whether we have a triangle or a circle, the boss does get paid the big bucks for a reason. Everyone has a voice and has the opportunity to be heard, this is what we want for our learners too. Let it go, lap it up and jump on board, the worse that could happen is that you could learn something new or be affirmed that what you were doing in traditional planning in your department was on the money anyway and the rest of the world has joined you. Share the load and don’t be afraid.

 

 

 

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It’s The Simple Things In Life: A snapshot of worldwide wellbeing

Worldwide trends in wellbeing seem to all point in the same direction… He aha te mea nui o te ao? What is the most important thing in the world? He tangata, he tangata, he tangata It is the people, it is the people, it is the people. Worldwide trends highlight the importance of wellbeing and give us many models to look to for inspiration.

Scandinavia:Hygge

Hygge (pronounced ‘hoo- ) is the Danish and Norwegian concept of wellbeing.  Hygge does not translate easily into English but can be described as coziness or cosy around together. Hygge is about enjoying life’s wholeness and safety. Embracing the simple pleasures in life – a good book, a warm fire, time with friends and family, good food, good wine. This makes me think about the 5 ways to wellbeing making time for hygge and acknowledging that it’s ok to stop, disconnect from our smartphones, taking a mindful moment.

We can do this in the classroom – not the wine part! Hygge is also about creating a relaxing space for learners to find flow and be inspired to learn as a community.  Each person feels relaxed in a different space so it could be a quiet reading nook or a sunny spot in a busy space. If you know your learner you can get hygge, through checking in with them daily, celebrating successes and failures in learning. Acknowledging courage in learning so the trusted relaxed atmosphere will grow.  Getting learners to understand empathy can also create the ‘coziness’ that is required for hygge. I guess there’s a reason why the Scandinavian countries are always ahead of the game when it comes to looking after themselves and their people

Sitting alongside hygge is lagom (pronounced ‘lar-gohm’) which means ‘just the right amount’. It’s about striking the perfect balance between work and play. I guess once you have your hygge in order lagom will come!

Japan:Ikigai

ikgai

The Japanese secret to health and wellbeing is ‘Ikigai’. The Japanese believe that ‘Ikigai’ is the reason for being. The venn diagram shows the importance of four main aspects of life: What you are good at; What you love; What the world needs; What you get paid for. The word has origins from the work ‘kai; meaning shell, which are highly valued and ikigai derived from kai to mean value in living.

In a highly structured,  innovative, busy society it is not surprising that the Japanese focus on ikigai. The main focus is on happiness and ikigai allows you to look forward even if things are tough right now. However, I guess a country that also has the phenomenon of ‘karoshi’ (working yourself to death) needs ikigai!

As a teaching tool ikigai could be used to help learners who are wanting to make decisions on learning pathways, career or tertiary pathways in the senior school. The venn diagram gives a way of looking a the big picture and is a practical tool. Not as cosy as hygge!

NZ: Hauora

Here in Aotearoa we have the ‘Hauora’ model of wellbeing, which uses ‘Te Whare Tapa Wha’ model was developed by Dr Mason Durie a Psychiatrist who is known for his contribution to Māori health. This model and the dimensions were cemented in New Zealand health practices during the 1980’s and 1990’s. Te Whare Tapa Wha is the house of four walls and is an holistic approach to wellbeing. Te Whare acknowledges that all four walls which represent our health and they support each other. The walls are Te Taha Hinengaro (psychological health), Te Taha Wairua (spiritual health), Te Taha Tinana (physical health), and Te Taha Whanau (family health).

te whare

Health education was introduced into NZ education system around 1918 when the flu epidemic was at it’s peak hygiene, exercise, fresh air and good food were on the menu. This remained the focus throughout most of the 20th Century. By 1999 the NZC as we know it ensured Health as well as Physical Education was an essential learning area, with hauora an underlying concept within the curriculum.  The great things about health education in New Zealand is that it has always been responsive and we are in a time of change and innovation so expanding the concept of hauora outside the HPE curriculum.

Hauora is the unique multi-dimensional model of wellbeing that translates to ‘breath of life’ and we can easily use this model schoolwide to support learners to identify where they are at with their wellbeing and where potential weak links are. Hauora similar to Ikigai gives a practical way of assessing where an individual is at.

Why wellbeing in school?

The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2015 wellbeing survey  analysed learners motivation to do well in school, their relationships with peers, teachers,how they spend their time outside of school and their home life. The report reveals that there is considerable anxieties around school work and tests. The role of the school is important to support learners and create conditions for wellbeing. Creating an environment that is positive and encourages success as well as celebrating failure can lead to less anxiety.

 

oecd

I wish I had to tools to navigate when I was at high school. Since I began teaching I have had a passion for pastoral care and the development of positive learning relationships with learners. The support I received as a learner at my secondary school in Christchurch. (Thank you Mrs Robertson, my Dean and teacher at secondary school) has stayed with me throughout my own teaching career and I often think back the support I received and am grateful someone bothered. Don’t get me wrong, life was stable for me but let’s face it being a teenager can be rough. Navigating the stormy seas of  friendships, relationships and learning. Building resilience to tackle what life throws at you is important, particularly when your frontal lob has gone into hibernation. So embracing the wellbeing tools that are out there and easily accessible is a no-brainer.

Worldwide wellbeing is a response to our fast -paced lives where we are connected and our attention is constantly divided. The importance of wellbeing and being proactive with our responses to ākonga needs in schools has also come to the fore. We have the hauora model embedded in our curriculum and there are trends worldwide that we can look to for inspiration and to use as a mirror at different times in our lives. As Michael Franti said “It’s never too late“.

 

 

Life Long Learner or Life Long Trier?

 Practice what you preach: Mastery in Learning

We expect all learners to master what they are exploring or studying and to have the desire to ‘go deep’ with their learning. Frustrations are echoed in classrooms across the world with teachers gripes and groans about learners doing the bare minimum to pass the test, get the credits or avoid a rewrite. 

What do we as teachers do to encourage deeper learning?

Let’s be honest I am sure we have all been guilty of teaching to the test at one time or another in our careers as a way of getting ‘the system’ off our back. We are time poor and are always complaining that there is not enough time to explore or extend our learners due to the bell, end of term or pressure to move onto the next thing as we ram more average information into learners heads. We desire to have the time to sit, be curious and wonder ‘what if…’ or ‘what next…’ but when was the last time you did this yourself with your learning.

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I give you a personal example I call myself a musician, my house is full of musical instruments that I can play and when asked ‘what do you play?’ my response ‘Jack of all trades, master of none’. This is my justification for why I have never ‘gone deep’ on any instrument…until the drums.

Can’t be that hard can it? You listen to a song and hit the drums in time. I was directed to lessons with a somewhat hidden treasure that is lurking in the Christchurch music scene as an internationally recognised musician and tutor of percussion. In my first lesson with Doug Brush about 4 years ago I told him that I wanted to learn to play a certain song, we still haven’t got to that song as he is still teaching me the alphabet of drumming. Once I have all the pieces of the puzzle, all the techniques, basic skills and can put them altogether I can play any song. We all know this when we start teaching toddlers the alphabet, we are dead keen to get them to write their name and master a handful of letters, but we make sure they go to school with some idea of the whole alphabet under their belt. I am now learning how to learn as a percussion player, this is something no other music tutor taught me. Not their fault as they were always ‘teaching to the test’ preparing me for an up and coming performance or exam. This is what we expect from our specialist music teachers then wonder why they aren’t able to go deep.

Mastery of learning in any area suggests that if the appropriate learning conditions are there it will happen. My learning conditions: For 15 years I have worked in music departments with drum kits & itinerant percussion specialists & worked with learners at varying levels. I would look at the kit, ask questions of the visiting tutors. I would buy the books with songs to learn, I would wonder why my senior music students would not “practice” but merely play through their songs and call it practice.

For many of the instruments I have learnt in recent years – guitar, voice, trumpet, drums – the reason for me taking an interest is to learn what techniques apply to this instrument so I can effectively and authentically grade the learners for NCEA. Another reason is so I can put myself in the shoes of my learners and to see just how hard it might be on their instrument. I soon learnt that power chords on a guitar were in fact an easy way out for the young learner playing Metallica’s ‘Enter Sandman’ (standard repertoire for any year 11 bass, guitar or drummer all 5min 32secs of it). I was expecting the learners to have the skills to master their instrument and learn the alphabet of their instrument, but we were time poor and the desire to master the instrument wasn’t always there. In the end overall it was about the credits.

Mastery also suggests that a learner has more than one try at something. Well I’ve had a few tries and this is what leads me to being ‘jack of all trades’ (The Ralph family motto, what does that tell you? that’s a whole other can of worms!). Also mastery suggests the end or completion of something, but we know learning is never finished. We should really look at mastery as building upon skills this is the way SOLO taxonomy supports learning and the drive to go deeper and explore more.

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Daniel Goleman discusses the 10,000 hours myth in his book Focus: The Driver of Hidden Excellence. (which has taken me about 3 months to read, don’t get me wrong it’s a good book, I just lack what it is about!). Goleman discusses quality of time spent on something and not just quantity. In relation to music I see this as practise vs playing, so many of my learners over the years have claimed to have practised for hours in a week when in fact they have played. This is also good practice but if you want to get better it is quality over quantity. I once worked in a private school in the UK where a Cellist would practice for hours. It was a very quiet practice session for the most part as he spent hours lying on the floor stretching and getting his body ready before he even touched the cello. This was proper practice. This is playing drills, learning scales, considering your posture, listening to your instrument before you crunch and crash through the song.

The next steps for my learning here is to consider how my current learners are learning rather than doing or being busy. If we want to grow life long learners who can master a skill and be willing to take a few side steps or pause we need to give them time. Make time, we have time.

Thanks to my car pool buddy Rob Ferguson for the conversation that lead to this post and got me thinking I need to pull finger and stop being jack. I’m off to practice now…or will I just play?

(practice or practise…who knows!)

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Coming Out as a 21st Century Learner & Educator

So this is my coming out story. Not everyone will be pleased to hear this story but I imagine the ones who come across this blog will be able to relate and those that are scared of my story won’t come across this anyway as they may not have discovered ‘Web 2.0’.

I must admit I have been dabbling for a few years and truthfully this is who I am deep down. It’s not an easy life I have chosen and I have had come challenging conversations with friends and colleagues who do not agree 100% with the path I have chosen. I have tried things here and there to see what worked and I often wondered why others weren’t always on board with the way I wanted to be. Sometimes I have told people what I am trying and some say it’s OK, they don’t have a problem…but not in their classroom. It’s not a ‘traditional’ path or journey that I am on but I think this is the right thing for me at this time.

I have chosen the path towards becoming an innovative teaching practitioner and am lucky enough to be working in an innovative learning environment. I have the opportunity to teach collaboratively with integrated learning areas where between 2 & 4 subjects are taught as one seamless learning vehicle. We call one of our learning vehicles ‘Connected’, which is the traditional core subjects together to give learners a real world view of how subjects come together once you get outside of the school gates. In recent conversations I have had with secondary and tertiary educators regarding innovative ways of engaging young learners have often taken a turn for the worst. It always begins with listening to how my kura is challenging the status quo and they agree and accept that this is a good thing encouraging learners to embrace the key competencies, problem solve, analyse information and come to their own conclusion that this is a good way forward.

What am I teaching that is so offensive to some teachers?

Using the concept of ‘movement’ we are currently teaching learners the connections between performing arts, social sciences, maths, English and science.  I have explained this to many teachers in across all sectors of education from primary through to tertiary. In one situation the person listened, then thought, then freaked out and back-pedalled. The conversation finished with “But sometimes you just need to sit them down and give them content”. Well of course this might happen from time to time but surely we can move forward being the keepers of knowledge. Learners should get to decide their learning journey at some point.

Throughout my professional career I haven’t felt that I quite fit, I recall a discussion around differentiation in the classroom. I didn’t understand what it was and why people were struggling to implement this in their teaching. I queried this with a fellow Arts teacher and realised this is what we did all day everyday and I didn’t think there was any other way. Surely making sure each learner is treated as the individual they are and the learning programme should be able to engage them at any level and they should feel success. I call it the “Yes!” moment, the time when the learner does a fist pump in the air when they succeed in learning. Don’t all learners deserve this when learning? If not we may as well bring out the dunce hat.dunce

 

What do we want for our learners in 2017?

Bottom line we want them to develop critical thinking skills for the 21st Century. In many schools teachers complain about the lack of ownership by learners for accessing information. If learners don’t find it in the first 2-3 Google hits they give up.  Therefore don’t we want learners to be able to dig a bit deeper than surface learning? Through analysing, reasoning and evaluating learners can use these skills across many different content areas. If we content dump and teach to the test we cannot get high level reasoning skills or questioning that is needed to develop critical thinkers.

Reinventing the wheel in classrooms across the world is common place through collaboration across learning clusters, Communities of Learning, subject associations is commonplace. Collaboration is a critical skill that exists within learning areas so why not school wide? Applying higher levels of thinking to real world situations is a necessary skill. Teachers do it already, let’s allow learner the same privilege.

Making league tables look good does not equal analyse and evaluate. I recently developed a new course for year 9 learners where they had to go through the design thinking process to create and carry out a social action. The end result, they researched and found out where the need was, however when it came to carrying out the social action things did not go to plan. Epic fail some would say…or did they learn how to plan, collaborate, speak with members of local social service providers. I wrestled with myself as I wanted to ‘save’ them and make sure the social actions they planned happened, but I held off so that they could see the personal learning that took place and not what I had orchestrated. On completion of the course they problem solvedreflected, made real world applications and realised that you can still learn from your mistakes.

Critical thinking is essential to empowering learners to be the master of their destiny.

We are masters of our universe, kings and queens of our classrooms and it is challenging what we know and how we have always been. We have all been students in the classroom from Year 1 -13, some of us even continued into tertiary education. My family are OK with my life choice at this stage, they don’t get it, they have their own experiences of how life was for them at school and how it has always been. They listen but we don’t talk about it too much. It almost seems too painful for them, like I am dismissing all of their educational experiences. Were their experiences wrong? I had the same schooling and still turned out this way. Am I wrong now? Do I have the spirit to live this life. I read online and in books about how it can be, I’ve seen lots in real life and I think united we stand. But as we challenge everything that people ever thought about education we must expect that as somewhat pioneers there will be some resistance.

So coming out as a 21st century educator and learner within my circle of life has been tough. I keep things I am doing in my kura to myself alot, not a secret but a knowing that I am on the right path for me. I cannot change anyone to my way of being unless they want to. Just because they hang out with me they won’t catch it…some might but it was always in them, it’s not down to me. But if I can demonstrate how it can be then I am sure more people would be open to talking about it with me.

The year is 2017, you have a smartphone, cars are electric and you can be assessed on sustainability as part of NCEA. These kids need our help so let’s open the real world to them and empower them to keep this ball of fire alive.

I’m out as a 21st learner and I’m proud!

Stranger, Acquaintance, Friend? Where’s your learning at?

How can we ensure our learning is more than an acquaintance, certainly more than a stranger. At least a friend, if not best friend. How have we come to a point where I have spoken to a 6 year old who told me “I don’t like learning”. How does a 6 year old know this? At this age a 6 year old’s world consists of their family, including extended family. This means they are getting the message from a place pretty close to home. The message is that you only learn at school, and yes it might be hard at school, but that is what the teachers are for. The caregivers in this case may have, through negative learning experiences, made learning at best…an acquaintance. What can we do to change this thinking?

Design Thinking & UDL

Last year I delved into the world of design thinking and Universal Design for Learning (UDL) and to see how they fit or can compliment and support deeper learning. Upon reflection I had merely been given terms to define what I had always been doing, as a teacher in ‘The Arts’ this is the only way to allow for creativity and learner ownership. Design thinking is a problem solving process where you build upon initial ideas through following five steps. The steps are: emphasize, define, ideate, prototype, and test. This process allows depth and breath in a project that cannot be achieved through research alone. Through the latter half of 2016 I was able to explore and understand how design thinking and UDL could be used in many learning contexts beyond the Arts and I had terms defining the creative process. Using design thinking and UDL means we need to move away from the content driven ‘chalk n talk’ teaching that we are accustomed to and allow learners to make mistakes and try things for themselves. However, the idea of the unknown can be a challenge for all learners old and young.

imgresIn the business world Design Thinking puts the customer in the frame seeing what they want this something we must consider with our learners.In a “Are We There Yet? Insights on how to lead by design” Sam Bucolo discusses the slow cooker of change and the idea of creating the specific customer for a business. A customer whose needs to could be met through the design process. In business the customer is always right and we want to keep the customer happy. In education the idea is similar, but no profit to be made.

In 2016 our kura developed ‘Seedman’ who became the vision of what we wanted our learners to be. Great DT on the part of the initial SLT (Principal & two senior leaders) team as those of us that followed completely understood the direction & thinking that had gone into all the processes that were being developed. Having Seedman meant we could constantly go back to it to see if we were meeting the needs. Moving forward our ‘Seedman’ has come to life in the form of our learners and we can now make them make them part of the design process as we develop systems, strategies and initiatives in our future focused kura. We need to understand the slow cooker idea and respect the process for our learners, however it is not easy when content is important to stakeholders.

Design Thinking in the Classroom

Learners from age 9-11 begin to understand the world around them they begin to develop a sense of something bigger than them. So hooking them into design thinking at the start of their secondary school journey is a no-brainer. They are  ready to discover! UX design or ‘user experience’ design is about enhancing user satisfaction. Some of the first steps in this area came from the redesign of dashboards on planes and then cars. It was important to make the design simple but effective so that the people operating these machines were able to navigate around the dashboard with ease and success. Allowing little room for operator error (thank God because I still don’t understand how planes stay up there so long so I am glad that the dashboard is easy to navigate!). Apple has done the same in refining their design of the iPod towards the iPhone and iPad used UX design principles.  What can we do in the classroom and in schools with UX design and DT to enhance the user experience? What have you tried? Previously I allowed access to all areas for all learners at all times. This gave them access to the tools they needed to design what they wanted. This was a stand alone block where music, sound tech and performing arts tech was taught. Learners had access to a wide range of musical instruments (traditional through to contemporary), recording equipment (mics, computers, MIDI interface, controllers etc), sound tech equipment including PA systems. Despite all the equipment access to the space was key. Allowing learners to use rooms when needed for extended periods of time allowed them to create and go through the design process and I was constantly reevaluating and making changes to the space in consultation with the users in a somewhat UX design way. What were the results and outcomes for the learners? Ownership and the ability to connect with others in a meaningful way on a real life project not just “for credits”. For many learners it opened doors for their next learning steps, for many it confirmed they had come as far as they wanted to but at least they hadn’t paid fees for a tertiary course before they found out.

imgresDavid Perkins “Future Wise: Educating our children for a changing world” discusses that we are used to educating for the known and now need to move into educating for the unknown. Nimble learners who learn for understanding, the question is how do you know you understand. Problem solving is a big part of this. The bigger picture is that understanding is more than knowing and important soft skills are needed to apply the skills we have learnt. Content needs to become meaningful. big understanding help with insight, ethics, actions and opportunities.

New information is accumulated daily but students needs to know more, quicker, how can we process this information in the knowledge era. Perkins often discusses quadratic equations that we never use and we need to be able to access skills related to analysing statistics to which are more relevant in our daily lives. Making content meaningful and relevant is key. This means showing that learning is relevant to the wider world and not just that moment in the classroom.

Relevance is currently unsupported by the ‘subject’ rich system of secondary teaching. Get rid of separate subjects to create meaning, relevance and context. This requires 21st century thinking skills and application. We need to think beyond content, topic, subjects and disciplines to get an understanding of the big picture. Therefore, creating multidisciplinary courses that require learners to think outside the traditional square of the single-cell classroom.

Its been said before but…we need to prepare students not just with content knowledge we cannot predict what is needed in the future, but we do know that global issues of sustainability, energy sources, and conflict will remain global issues. Let’s ensure our learners are able to decode decipher and have the foundation skills to learn and contribute to the communities that they live in. 21st century learning is not just ‘googling it’. The social contact and collaboration that schools offer as well as creativity are needed for learners to develop the skills needs to live in the future and not just with “The Jetsons”. There is no one answer but we need to make the possibilities available it is our moral purpose as educators.

imgresBy the way here’s the future of learning from The Jetsons. We don’t have flying cars, but we do still have classes that look like this!

So going back to the title of this post…I would love to ask this question of caregivers of our learners – Is learning a stranger, acquaintance, or friend? Remember, it’s never too late to reconnect with an old friend!

Shiney Happy People

Day two in our growing kura was full of shines happen people who wear pumped from the previous day’s activities. They were open and ready to learn they have out their trust in the leadership team and by the end of the day most  were leading their own learning.

The day started with ‘Check & Connect’ (C&C), this is an idea my team and I are developing as a way of ensuring we take time each day to have focused meaningful conversations where akonga discuss ‘What’s on top for you?’ as part of a reflection from the day before. There is also another stimulus to get robust conversation going. One I like to start with early on in the groups development is ‘the meaning of your name’. This could be as the country of origin of your surname, story telling about your whakapapa or who named you and why did they choose this name. Let’s take Sophie Mary Ralph for example. Mary is my mothers middle name so I guess as part of a family tradition I got this name ( I also like to tell my younger sister it’s because I am the favourite!). My surname, Ralph, is of French origin and I should really find out more about this as it should be pronounced in the French way ( like Ralph Fiennes the actor). My first name, Sophie, means wisdom….well that’s obvious. Through the story telling around the group connections are made and the time is taken to reflect on where we came from and what brought us all here to where we are. It’s nice to see people stop and think about their name. We must remember at much time was taken to come up with your name and I know from speaking to new parents everyone has an opinion on baby names and when you announce a new born name we all want to know why the name was chosen and we almost insist in our asking at there must be a deep profound reason.

Today I learnt  a little more about my new colleagues and made more connections. The same exercise can be harder for younger learners and pre warning should be given as some feel shy or embarrassed when they don’t know anythin about their name.

Check & connect will play an important role in getting to know all learners and developing a group identity. I look forward to learning more about all akonga in our kura.

When  was the  last time you thought about the origins of your name and what don’t you know about it? I’ off to find out more about Ralph.

Student Leadership in Schools: How can teacher do better for learners?

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Student leadership, why? Why do we need to foster leadership and develop leadership skills in ākonga?

Primary and secondary schools can provide opportunities for young people who have limited social capital to build networks, connections, understand worlds of work and tertiary study. If, as one study suggests, “the greater the total amount of leadership exercised, the better off is the organisation” (Leithwood & Jantzi, 1998), then the exercising of student leadership within the school must contribute to its efficacy and effectiveness.

We all have our own experience and versions of student leadership in schools. Some elements and ideas work well and some…not so much. As with educational models overall student leadership is in need of an overhaul in schools. A big call from me but after seeing student leadership in action and undertaking some initial research I am developing with a the help of a colleague (Thanks Hayden Shaw!) a new ideal of learner leadership that meets the needs of the learners now and in the future. Not a model that meets the need of the schools who sometimes want “leaders” to do the jobs we don’t want to.

Current Model Vs Student Ideal

Many existing models of student leadership are hierarchical, based on popularity in sport, academia, culture etc, and teachers are the gatekeepers of the roles. We’ve all seen it, student vote, teachers vote, teachers votes are more heavily weighted and then those who we knew were going to get picked do. They do an OK job with some help from a teacher as a mentor and various examples of short and long term leadership courses.

The student ideal would be non-hierarchical, practical, informal and situational. With this in mind here are some ideas that we are working on in our kura. Our initial discussion was that we wanted to foster leadership in all areas, acknowledge that not everyone wants to lead, we needed to define what leadership is for learners, and  what will they actually do?

The idea of a revolving leadership model was floated and we knew that we needed to ensure we guided the learners rather than give them a badge/title and leave them to it….then wonder why they fail. To us revolving leadership meant a chance for many students to have the opportunity to “lead” where and when they felt comfortable.

Another element we felt was important was having an allocated time for all learners to develop leadership skills. This means offering a course where they can learn leadership skills and learn about different styles of leadership. It is important for them to harness the skills they have and to know that being a leader in a school is about being responsible for something and following through. It does not just mean speaking in assemblies and rallying the troops for inter-school competitions. The course on offer would be open to all at different stages of the academic year for all to explore and grow.

Potential leadership opportunities

  • Students as data source  where students might provide information via a student opinion survey for adults to utilise as part of their decision making.
  • Students as active respondents who respond to invitations to join in discussion with adults.
  • Students as co-inquirers who support staff to take a lead research role.
  • Students as knowledge creators supported by staff.
  • Students as joint authors participating in decision-making alongside staff and learning to live in a democracy where there is shared responsibility, (Fielding, 2012).

Using the ideas above and other research mentioned this is the model of learner leadership that we are going to explore for the remainder of the year with more research and much discussion to come.

  • Te Rōpū Hauora – a student council model with representatives from all groups that meets regularly. Membership can change but is reasonable static as we move forward.
  • Ambassadors – who represent the college in all areas for a period of time when representation is needed for events on-site and off-site
  • Specialist Kaitiaki – to meet the needs that arise across the school eg: Tech angels, Librarians etc
  • Learner Action Group – groups formed as and when needed eg: Environmental Action Group who see a need for more sun protection & put ideas into action etc.

leadership

This is the first of version of learner leadership that has been developed in recent weeks. I look forward to meeting the leadership needs of the learners in an authentic way and wonder what this model will look like in 12 months after much robust discussion and research. I believe student leadership must fit the context in which it exists and for this to happen student voice is imperative.

Watch this space…